The Major Suits  
In Bridge, the heart and spade suit are major suits and often referred to as 'the majors'.
Of the two suits, Spades  ranks higher than Hearts

Why do I need to know about major suits?

“Standard American requires five card majors to open”

The Majors - Spades  & Hearts

The major suits are important for bidding tactics and scoring in Bridge as they outrank the minor suit s, and also outscore them (30 points per contracted trick for major suits—as opposed to 20 points per contracted trick for the minor suits).
The tactics of bidding in bridge revolves around the attempt by partnerships to find a " fit " (8 cards between the partners) in one of the major suits that will allow them to try to make a game contract when they hold sufficient Total Points.

1 or 1 ♥  Opening Bids
1. Spades and Hearts are the 2 top ranked suits in that order
2. 13-21 Total Points (TP)
3. Promises a 5-card suit
4. Open your longest suit
5. With two 5-card suits, open the higher ranked suit

Play a Game of Bridge with Automatic Bidding

Click on the link below titled "Practice this Lesson - with full Commentary" to play a game of Bridge. The Game engine will make all the bids for you starting as soon as the game screen has loaded - you only need to click on the cards to play.

Your Hand
  • A Q 7 3 2
  • A Q J 8 4
  • 8 4
  • 6

Exercise: What would you open the bidding with this hand?
Answer: The correct opening bid with this hand is 1 . With 2 five card major suits (majors) open the higher ranked suit first. Note that with fewer points you should pass.

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